The Indian education system caters to the needs of the largest democracy in the world. The challenges faced by the Indian education system have an impact on the entire population of 1.7 billion. While the nation is home to the biggest share of young people in the world, the education system of the country is not able to live up to the expectations of modern times.
The adult literacy rate of the country is slightly over 60 percent. The marginalized and the poor sections of society have the most illiterate people among them.
Education in India is primarily a state subject, with the union government taking charge of the department. Various policies such as the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009, have managed to bridge the gap between the halves and halves not to an extent. Under the rule, the government promotes free and compulsory education to children between the ages of 6-14. It is considered the fundamental right for all kids in India.
In spite of the state and center working to make the Indian education system error-free, there are glaring gaps that still haunt the country. Here is a list of a few challenges faced by the Indian education system.
Teachers are the backbone of any education system. Teachers will help promote quality education and produce well-educated students. Teachers, therefore, have the power to make or break the students’ lives.
Teaching is one of the lowest-paying jobs in India. Therefore, a lot of people with good educational backgrounds are not willing to become teachers in absence of monetary gains. Moreover, the Indian education system lacks to celebrate good teachers by providing them incentives. Rewards for teachers are scarce across the country. to meet the daily needs a lot of pictures have to therefore resort to opening tuition classes after school.
The teachers in India have to deal with a very high classroom size. As per some estimates, the teacher-to-student ratio in India is 30:1. This becomes even more dismal in the case of primary schools in the villages and rural backward areas.
A lot of Government-run schools in India do not have proper infrastructure. In many cases, the school only has classrooms in absence of a playground for co-curricular activities. Students studying in the schools find it very hard to be interested in education all the time.
The playground plays an essential part in school development. Co-curricular activities involving sports, physical tasks, events, and cultural programs are held in these playgrounds. A school lacking a playground will find it very hard to manage students in the class at all times.
The scenario in villages is worse. Many schools do not have washrooms and basic facilities like electricity and science laboratories.
At times it is also seen that there is a single school for all the nearby villages in rural areas. This makes it very difficult for the students to travel every day to school. The economic condition of the parents of these students is not good enough to hire a cab or bus for them to reach school every day on time. This is one of the major reasons for dropouts in school.
Social and cultural constraints
India is a very diverse nation. It has more than 350 languages, making it very difficult for the government to be able to come up with a single policy that can cater to the needs of all the students.
Not letting the girls study is another cultural dilemma that the nation faces. In some societies, educating the women of the house is not seen as a positive sign. The name of these households is to give basic education to the girl child before she is set up for marriage. Every country has its own set of problems when it comes to dealing with education. In India regularly ensure that education reaches the farthest corner, and to the most marginalized section of the society. The challenges faced by the Indian education system are already mapped out. All it requires now is a stringent government policy and a collective effort to ensure that no child is deprived of education in the future.