What is a root canal?
A root canal is a process in which damaged and infected dental pulp is removed from your teeth. The dental pulp is a soft substance in the middle of the teeth that is made up of nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissues. Then the teeth have an empty portion that consists of pulp and is called a pulp chamber. Then the down canal continues to the root of the teeth. In the root canal process, the infected plump is removed from the tooth canal and it is filled up with a special type of material, and then is closed so that it can be protected from bacteria.
Root canal therapy involves treating an inflamed pulp tissue from a diseased or infected tooth. This pulp tissue consists of blood vessels and nerve networks. Each tooth has its own blood and nerve supply.
This pulp tissue is located in the narrow space in the center of the root or roots of the tooth. This space is also known as the canal of a single root tooth, such as a central incisor, or the canals of a multi-rooted tooth, such as a molar. Most molars have at least three channels and some may have four or more!
What is the process of root canal treatment?
This process is completed in multiple steps. Firstly your dentist will start the treatment by taking a complete X-ray of your teeth. This X-ray will assist your dentist in many ways like he will examine how many canals are under the teeth as it can have multiple canals and also map out the shape of your teeth. This X-ray will help him in planning the whole surgery.
The second step is to give the patient anesthesia. The amount of anesthesia will vary from patient to patient. It will depend on your patient’s personal choice as well as the number of strong plus undamaged nerves under the teeth.
After doing these initial steps necessary to prepare your teeth to prepare for this treatment, your dentist will drill your teeth to make a way to pulp and remove the infected tissue from your teeth with the help of a dental laser. Dentists may use the microscopic camera to see the area under the teeth which are not easily visualized by the dentist.
After your dentist gets surety that the dead and infected area is removed from the teeth with the help of x rays or microscopic cameras.
Now he will fill up the teeth till the roots with the material called thermoplastic. This material will assure the strength of your teeth.
When the filling process is done now it’s time to cover it up with a crown. Your dentist will first use a temporary crown and when the permanent crown is prepared he will replace it with the permanent one.