This question worries a good half of humanity, the most common skin disease in the world. It does not threaten life, but it can spoil it considerably. Let’s try to solve the problem together.
What is Acne
How to get rid of blackheads on your face? The answer to this question will require a good knowledge of the “materiel”. Let’s start with theory. Acne (acne vulgaris, from the Greek akme – “top”) is a kind of cork formed from a mixture of sebum and keratinized skin particles accumulated in the sebaceous gland and its ducts. This plug serves as an excellent substrate for bacteria to multiply.
Acne always appears against the background of hyperactivity of the sebaceous glands, but there are several more factors on which the status of this skin defect depends – whether it will be just an unaesthetic, but generally harmless “black dot” or a full-fledged pimple filled with pus.
The Main Causes of Acne
Every phenomenon is explained not by one, but by several reasons. Acne is no exception to the rule.
This is the first and foremost reason. When too much sebum is produced in the skin, it can indicate two things:
- about the high level of male sex hormones in the blood;
- that the sebaceous glands are particularly susceptible to androgens.
“That is why acne and pimples most often appear on young skin during a period when the body is undergoing hormonal changes,” says Alexander Prokofiev, an expert at La Roche-Posay. “However, acne can appear not only in adolescence, but much later, when hormonal storms, it would seem, should have passed.”
In this case, there is a possibility of a change in the amount of steroid hormones in the blood, which can increase the overactivity of the sebaceous glands.
Thickening of the stratum corneum
“The second name for this phenomenon is hyperkeratosis. It always goes hand in hand with increased oily skin and rashes, – says Alexander Prokofiev. “The inability of the skin to get rid of the dead cells that clog the pores and are an integral part of the sebaceous plug in time is due to the sensitivity of the sebaceous glands to hormones and often characterizes the skin of adolescents.”
A course of acid peels aimed at eliminating hyperkeratosis and renewing the skin is often included in the acne treatment program.
Acne becomes inflamed due to bacteria that freely multiply under the “lid” of the sebaceous plug. The locked airless space filled with sebum is a heavenly environment for their life. The result is acne and pustules.
Food – “right” or “wrong” – is not the root cause of acne. The main culprits, as we have said, are hormones. But some food groups can provoke an exacerbation and give rise to inflammation in the sebaceous gland. These products include:
- carbohydrates with a high glycemic index;
- sugar and sweets.
Despite the fact that the right diet can be a good help in the fight against acne and acne, there is no direct causal relationship between diseases of the digestive system and the formation of comedones.
Acne and Skin Types
People with normal skin do not have acne. The maximum that threatens them is single rashes. For example, before the start of a monthly cycle in women.
Girls with mixed skin are more likely to see pimples on the forehead, nose or chin before critical days, that is, in areas of high activity of the sebaceous glands. Obviously, oily skin, which is characterized by an abundance of sebum, is the number one candidate for persistent acne breakouts, especially during puberty.
The first task for oily skin is not to turn into problem skin, that is, to avoid the appearance of multiple sebaceous plugs and comedones. Proper care, based on daily cleansing, regular exfoliation and cosmetic cleansing, will help keep the situation under control. In the presence of a large number of inflammatory elements, the help of a dermatologist is needed, who will draw up an individual treatment regimen.
Problem Skin Care Rules
Anyone who faced the problem of acne, most likely did something that absolutely should not be done. And he paid for his mistake. So that history does not repeat itself, we will explain again what absolutely should not be done and why.
No Cleansing the Skin “to a Squeak”
When the face is constantly shiny from excess oil and blackheads annoy, there is a desire to cleanse the skin so that it creaks from cleanliness. We usually do this using alkaline products and lotions with a high alcohol content. In vain: both alcohol and alkali really degrease the skin, but at the same time deprive it of its protective hydrolipidic film. Left without natural protection, the skin begins to compensate for losses and produce sebum with triple zeal. Use mild cleansers, like this makeup remover cleansing balm. Make sure that they contain acids, components with a matting effect – the latter perfectly “tame” oily sheen and help prevent the appearance of imperfections and deal with existing ones.
No Cauterizing “Unripe” Pimples with Alcohol
Attempts to remove inflammation and lime the pimple before it crawls out with the help of alcohol only leads to the fact that we additionally injure the surface of the skin. At the same time, alcohol does not penetrate deeply and does not reach the source of inflammation.
At the initial stage, special pharmaceutical preparations, as well as SOS agents for local application, but not alcohol, are capable of extinguishing the inflammatory process and cope with a pimple.
No Squeezing Pimples
Yes, resist the temptation beyond human strength. If you are already determined to get rid of the abscess, use local anti-inflammatory drugs. Do not injure the skin in the area of the rash, because after damage the inflammation may intensify or post-inflammatory pigmentation will remain.
Do not try to get rid of deep knots yourself, so as not to aggravate the situation and prevent scarring.
Acne Marks: How to Get Rid of Them
Congestive red spots and acne scars are a bad memory that acne leaves behind. Dealing with them takes time and special procedures.
Massage with liquid nitrogen has been and remains the most effective treatment for stains. Gradually, they fade, and then disappear altogether due to the improvement of local blood circulation.
- Acid peels
They help to visually smooth out scars and reduce their depth.
- Fractional laser
A hardware alternative to chemical peeling, aimed at skin renewal and reducing the appearance of scars.
- Cosmetics and prevention
It is impossible to cure acne with cosmetics, but this does not mean that problem skin does not need to be looked after. Moreover, separate cosmetic lines are dedicated to her, capable of providing her with everything necessary to improve her appearance and condition.