History and Evolution of Jacquard Fabric :- Fabriclore

by maggi spark
jacquard Fabric

The weaver asked the draw boy to lift another fibre. He ran towards the next drawstring. It was his 7th hour of work and he was so ready to rest. Their working time got over and only two square centimetres of jacquard fabric was prepared from the intensive work done the whole day.

Years later, computers entered this world, and the principle of its binary codes was based on the concept of punch cards from a jacquard loom. This jacquard loom was created by Joseph Marie Jacquard around 130 years ago. He was that draw boy who worked in a brocade loom for long hours. He proved that necessity is the mother of invention and this innovation revolutionised the textile world forever. So let’s explore this unique and marvellous fabric together and how to approach a Fabric Manufacturer as per your requirements. 

What is Jacquard Fabric

Jacquard fabric is a patterned fabric with intricate designs woven into it. As opposed to being printed and colored, and embroidered on the surface which is labour intensive. Jacquard weaving dates back to sixth-century Italian brocade and continues to be one of the most popular styles of cloth today. Jacquards can be reversible in multiple patterns such as floral, paisley, or animal print. This weaving can be done on any fabric like cotton, silk, linen, etc, and the produced result expresses varied properties with different fabrics.

Jacquard fabric

Jacquard through ages

Throughout the ages, brocades were handwoven on huge looms known as draw looms. One weaver with one draw lad was needed to run these machines. The weaver would signal to the draw boy which threads to raise and when to ensure that the right colored threads showed through each line of weaving.

It is a very tedious process and requires precision and time to create a single square centimetre of clothing. Prior to the advent of the loom, intricate designs had to be sewn into cloth by hand. Brocades initially emerged in 4th century Byzantium.

As silk weaving advanced in the sixth century, experienced artisans created magnificently sophisticated, elaborate motifs on rich materials that were much sought. Flowers, plants, and other natural themes were arranged in scroll or crest patterns in these early brocades.

Shimmering metallic thread was a popular feature, adding texture and aesthetic appeal to textiles, while others included aspects of beading or gemstones. However, because the process of making these materials was so laborious and time-consuming, they became scarce and sought after by royalty and the church as a sign of their rank and riches.

Evolution of Jacquard fabric

Due to the backbreaking process of creating the fabric, the working conditions of the workers were very poor. In 1801, The first mechanical loom was created using simple techniques in which punch cards were used in place of draw boys. Later with time, electrical looms were created, the first one of its kind in 1980. Due to this, the labor involved was reduced drastically. Now, this fabric could be produced in masses with many more different intricate designs and motifs. The Jacquard loom significantly lowered the cost of intricate woven materials. Jacquard Fabric is now just moderately more costly than comparable woven fabrics made from the same sorts of material. The cost of Jacquard fabric rises in proportion to its intricacy.

Jacquard fabric in the modern world

It is a very versatile fabric and can be used in making pants, shorts, blouses, and other clothing items. Due to its strength and durability, it is used in making home decor.  You can use it for things such as cushions, curtains, tablecloths, and bedsheets with beautiful patterns. The Jacquard loom significantly lowered the cost of intricate woven materials. 

You can get your hands on this lovely designer fabric in India’s leading online fabric store Fabriclore. It is known for its amazing fabric collection with over 10,000+ unique designs and textiles. You can get either retail or wholesale fabric as per your needs. So hurry,add new colours and patterns to your wardrobe.

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