Getting Familiar with Critical Linux Terms

by William Masterson

If you are already into programming, you will know that developers are very like using Linux and other Unix-based systems. Hence there are several reasons for using Linux, which is definitely a good choice for development work. The issue is that it can be prodigious, especially if you are moving from another Operating System (OS), mostly because you might be running into several unfamiliar terms. Therefore it is important if you get familiar with critical Linux terms.

You definitely need to know that Linux is pretty user-friendly, which also depends upon the type of ‘version’ which is installed. Furthermore, most variations share a lot of identical terminologies; hence becoming familiar with critical Linux terms is not difficult. So once you know the essentials, you will be able to tackle Linux in an efficient way.

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Discovering Some of the Critical Linux Terms:

To get the best out of Linux, you will have to become familiar with some rudimentary terminologies. Here are a few most widely used and critical terms to learn, starting with the essentials regardless of your task and field.


It is the most common and basic term in Linux. You must be aware of the word command. Commands are prompts that the user types into a program known as the ‘command line. Hence, commands allow you to deliver instructions to your OS. In this way, you will be significantly able to make use of several applications for opening the command line.

A command is something that a user might find very difficult to understand, especially when it is related to Linux. Or maybe there is a misunderstanding about commands being difficult. Nevertheless, another thing known as graphical user interface (GUI) makes everything very convenient and goes according to what you want. However, you have to be familiar with critical Linux terms to handle everything very easily.


‘Terminal’ is the prime way through which users are able to connect with Linux. It is the place where you apply all the commands, and the interface is very basic too. Nevertheless, you can function with the terminal emulators, which are basically the software choices that comprise a user-friendly interface.


Linux has numerous versions, and such versions are known as ‘distros’. Users are likely to build their own Linux distro, even with the basics, since they get options to select from. If you are preparing to switch Operating systems, you should read the most popular distros available. It is apt to use a bootable USB if it works best for you according to your preference.


The Linux operating system basically has an in-built mechanism for all the user roles. Therefore every user has roles assigned based on various levels of permissions. For example, if you are using it as a guest, you will not be eligible to change any OS files. The ‘root’ user provides full access to every command as well as file in the system. Therefore, if you are a root user, you are able to do anything you want to.


GNOME, known as GNU Network Object Model Environment, is a visual desktop interface that several Linux distros can use. It is specifically very similar to the Windows desktop. Hence, it is the reason why distros that use GNOME are a good starting point.


As we are familiar with GNOME, which is a desktop platform specially created for Linux, Unity is basically an interface generated for GNOME. Unity is known for offering a simple and user-friendly interface for its users. Therefore, if you are confident working with Linux, it is preferable to opt for a Unity-based distro such as Ubuntu that can simplify things for you.

Package Manager

In Linux, you are able to install packages instead of installing programs. Usually, you do not have to do this from a terminal. Therefore, ‘Package manager’ is a tool that uses a graphical interface that assists you in finding the new packages and the procedures of installing, updating, and even configuring them.

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