Teeth whitening is a successful and non-invasive cosmetic procedure that can lighten the color of teeth. Teeth whitening is among the most popular elective dental procedures because it’s cheap, highly efficient, and provides quick results. Many people opt for treatment for whitening to enhance their appearance and increase their confidence. Teeth whitening is also less costly than other cosmetics procedures (like veneers).
The outcome of treatment differs for each patient. Every tooth has its unique features, such as opacity, transparency, gloss, and fluorescence. Some patients require more treatment to achieve results, whereas others need less attention.
What causes tooth discoloration and staining?
The shade of your teeth depends on how you live, your diet, dental care and teeth whitening, and habits of oral hygiene. The discoloration of your teeth can also be classified into two types: intrinsic and intrinsic.
Extrinsic tooth staining is the superficial surface marks naturally acquired during a person’s life. They result from drinking beverages with dark hues such as tea, coffee, red wine, curry. Tobacco products may also create extrinsic discoloration.
Stains on intrinsic teeth are more extensive stains that form on the outer layer of the teeth (dentin). They can be more challenging to eliminate than enamel stains that are shallow (extrinsic). Insidious discoloration can be caused using excessive fluoride as well as certain drugs.
The most common causes of intrinsic and extrinsic tooth discoloration are:
- Genetics Every person has different colored enamel and tooth structures which influence the tooth’s color. Certain people also come with darker or thicker enamel.
- Treatments for Certain cancer treatments for cancer can cause tooth discoloration, such as radiation and chemotherapy.
- Natural aging as we get older and get older, the enamel’s outer layer naturally wears away, which causes tooth discoloration and even yellowing.
- Dental restorations made of amalgam Amalgam restorations (silver cavities fillings) could cause discoloration of the teeth due to their containing Sulfide.
- Certain drugs like tetracycline, antihistamines, antipsychotics, and high blood pressure medications may result in tooth discoloration.
- Products from tobacco Smoking or chewing tobacco causes discoloration of teeth in time. Dentists suggest quitting to ensure your gums, teeth, and overall health.
- Dark-colored food and drinks Stains on surfaces are usually caused by the frequent drinking of dark teas, coffee, and soda, and red wine. Even blackberries that are dark-colored may cause discoloration.
- Pregnancy and tetracycline Mothers who take tetracycline (antibiotics for bacterial illnesses) while pregnant may cause dental discoloration to their infants.
- Excessive fluoride intake, particularly from tap water that contains fluoride naturally, can cause discoloration and cause white streaks to appear on teeth.
How does Teeth Whitening Treatment Effectively Work?
Most treatments for whitening teeth use hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide as the active ingredient. Hydrogen peroxide is also safe to be absorption through the body.
Hydrogen peroxide helps whiten your teeth by making them oxidized. Because teeth are porous, the enamel and dentin of your teeth can readily absorb peroxide-based teeth bleaching gels. This leads to brighter and whiter teeth.
Is Teeth Whitening Strictly Safe?
With centuries of scientific research-backed proof for teeth-whitening treatments, both over the counter and professional bleaching solutions are secure and efficient.
But the most important thing in ensuring safety is to do it right and follow the guidelines given by your dentist (or the product’s label for prescription drugs).
Avoid using too much of the product for whitening or excessive amounts of a whitener at home. This could increase gum irritation, sensitivity, or even enamel erosion (irreversible damages to the enamel).
Most at-home products for teeth whitening typically have five to 10 percent of hydrogen peroxide or 35 percent of carbamide peroxide.
Are whitening toothpaste pose any risk?
It can cause enamel erosion and even damage. Abrasive particles aren’t efficient in whitening. They are only effective in removing plaque and do not penetrate the enamel.
You should instead opt for one that is whitening and contains enzymes like papain and Bromelain. These enzymes work better at eliminating stains that naturally occur than Abrasive kinds of toothpaste. They break down the tooth film where bacteria and stains can form.